How to Propagate: Monstera

Some of the links in this article may contain affiliate links, for which we earn a commission at no additional cost to you. By using our website, you hereby consent to our privacy disclaimer and agree to its terms.​

Table of Contents

Monstera plants (Monstera deliciosa) are popular houseplants known for their large, glossy leaves and unique aerial roots. Propagating monstera plants allows gardeners to expand their collections and share these desirable plants with others. This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to propagate monstera plants effectively.

The introduction section provides an overview of the article’s content, which covers understanding monstera plants, selecting the appropriate propagation method, preparing the plant for propagation, performing the propagation process, and caring for newly propagated monstera plants. By following these steps, readers will gain a deeper understanding of the monstera propagation process and develop the necessary skills to successfully propagate their own monstera plants.

The writing style employed in this article is academic, objective, and impersonal, adhering to scientific standards. The intention is to provide factual information, avoiding personal opinions and biases.

Understanding Monstera Plants

Monstera plants are characterized by their large, glossy leaves with unique perforations and natural splits, which give them an exotic and tropical appearance. These plants are native to the rainforests of Central and South America, where they thrive in the warm and humid conditions. Monstera plants are popular among indoor gardeners due to their aesthetic appeal and relatively low maintenance requirements.

Proper monstera plant care is essential for their growth and propagation. These plants require bright, indirect sunlight to thrive, making them ideal for indoor locations with filtered light. They also prefer a well-draining soil mix that retains some moisture but does not become waterlogged. Regular watering is necessary, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Additionally, monstera plants benefit from regular misting to maintain the humidity levels they prefer.

One of the benefits of propagating monstera plants is the ability to create new plants from cuttings. This process involves taking a stem cutting with a few leaves and placing it in water or a well-draining soil mix until roots develop. Propagation allows gardeners to expand their collection of monstera plants, share them with others, or replace older, leggy plants with younger ones. It is an exciting and rewarding process for plant enthusiasts.

Choosing the Right Propagation Method

When selecting the most suitable propagation method for Monstera plants, it is crucial to consider a variety of factors that influence successful plant reproduction. Two commonly used methods for propagating Monstera plants are air layering and water propagation.

Air layering is a technique that involves creating a wound on the stem of the Monstera plant and then enclosing it in a moist environment to encourage root growth. This method is particularly effective for plants with thick stems and can result in a more established root system. To air layer a Monstera plant, a section of the stem is wrapped in damp sphagnum moss or a rooting medium and then covered with plastic wrap to create a humid environment. Over time, roots will develop at the wound site, and once they are well-established, the new plant can be separated from the parent plant.

Water propagation, on the other hand, involves placing a cutting of the Monstera plant in a container filled with water. This method allows the plant to develop roots directly in the water, and it is relatively easy and straightforward. It is important to change the water regularly to prevent the growth of bacteria and ensure the health of the cutting. Once the roots have developed, the cutting can be transferred to a pot with soil to continue its growth.

In conclusion, when choosing a propagation method for Monstera plants, both air layering and water propagation can be effective. The specific method chosen will depend on factors such as the thickness of the stem and personal preference.

Preparing Your Monstera Plant for Propagation

To effectively prepare a plant for propagation, it is essential to consider the necessary steps and preparations required. When it comes to propagating a Monstera plant, there are several propagation techniques to choose from, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. One common mistake that people make is not properly preparing the plant before attempting propagation.

Before starting the propagation process, it is important to ensure that the Monstera plant is healthy and free from any pests or diseases. Inspecting the plant for any signs of damage or infestation is crucial to prevent the spread of any potential problems to the new plants.

Additionally, it is recommended to give the plant a thorough watering a few days before propagation. This helps to ensure that the plant is well-hydrated and has sufficient nutrients to support the growth of new roots.

Another important step in preparing a Monstera plant for propagation is to choose the right part of the plant to propagate from. The ideal section is a healthy stem with at least one or two nodes, as this is where the roots will develop. Carefully selecting the right section of the plant increases the chances of successful propagation.

In conclusion, properly preparing a Monstera plant for propagation involves inspecting the plant for any signs of damage or infestation, giving it a thorough watering, and selecting the right section of the plant to propagate from. By following these steps, you can increase the likelihood of successful propagation.

Performing the Propagation Process

One key aspect of successfully propagating a plant is carefully executing the propagation process. When it comes to propagating a Monstera plant, there are several propagation techniques that can be used. One common method is through stem cuttings. To do this, select a healthy stem and make a clean cut just below a node. It is important to ensure that the cutting is around 6-8 inches long and has at least two nodes. Remove any leaves from the bottom node to prevent rotting and promote root growth. Another technique is air layering, which involves wrapping a section of the stem with moist sphagnum moss and covering it with plastic to encourage root growth. This method is particularly useful for larger, more mature Monstera plants.

When performing the propagation process, it is important to avoid some common mistakes. One such mistake is using a cutting without any nodes, as this will prevent root development. Another mistake is not providing enough humidity, which can hinder root growth. It is also important to avoid overwatering the cuttings, as this can lead to root rot. Additionally, it is crucial to use a well-draining potting mix to ensure proper aeration and prevent waterlogged soil. By following these propagation techniques and avoiding common mistakes, one can increase the chances of successful Monstera propagation.

Caring for Newly Propagated Monstera Plants

Caring for newly propagated Monstera plants requires attention to their specific needs and conditions. One important aspect of caring for these plants is establishing a proper watering schedule. It is crucial to strike a balance between overwatering and underwatering, as both can be detrimental to the plant’s health. Monstera plants prefer slightly moist soil, so it is recommended to water them when the top inch of the soil feels dry. However, it is important to avoid letting the plant sit in waterlogged soil, as this can lead to root rot.

In addition to proper watering, providing adequate sunlight is essential for the growth and development of newly propagated Monstera plants. These plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Placing them near a north or east-facing window is ideal, as it allows for sufficient light without exposing them to direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves. If natural light is limited, using artificial grow lights can be a suitable alternative.

Overall, caring for newly propagated Monstera plants involves maintaining a consistent watering schedule and ensuring they receive the right amount of sunlight. By paying attention to these specific needs and conditions, one can foster the healthy growth of these beautiful plants.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I propagate my Monstera plant from a single leaf cutting?

Propagation success of Monstera can be achieved through alternative methods besides single leaf cuttings. However, single leaf cuttings have a lower success rate compared to other methods such as stem cuttings or air layering, which have been found to be more effective.

How long does it typically take for a Monstera cutting to develop roots?

Propagation techniques for Monstera cuttings vary, but it typically takes 2-6 weeks for roots to develop. Common mistakes include overwatering, using inadequate soil, and not providing enough humidity.

Can I propagate my Monstera plant in water instead of soil?

Water propagation is a viable method for propagating Monstera plants, as it allows for the development of roots without the need for soil. However, soil propagation is also a common method that can be used successfully.

Is it necessary to use rooting hormone when propagating a Monstera plant?

When propagating a Monstera plant, using rooting hormone is not necessary but can promote faster root development. Alternatively, other natural substances like cinnamon or aloe vera gel can be used as rooting hormone alternatives. The best soil mix for Monstera propagation is a well-draining mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil.

Can I propagate my Monstera plant during the winter months?

Propagation of Monstera plants during winter can be challenging due to the reduced growth and lower light levels. However, it is still possible using methods such as stem cuttings or air layering. Adequate care, including maintaining proper humidity and temperature, is essential for successful propagation.


Monstera plants, also known as Swiss cheese plants, are popular houseplants due to their unique foliage and easy propagation. There are several methods to propagate Monstera plants, including stem cuttings and air layering. Before starting the propagation process, it is important to prepare the plant by ensuring it is healthy and has enough nutrients. During the propagation process, it is essential to provide the right conditions, such as adequate moisture and light. Once the Monstera plant is successfully propagated, it requires proper care to ensure its healthy growth and development. In conclusion, propagating Monstera plants can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for plant enthusiasts.

Want to step up your gardening game?

Bi-Weekly emails, with only the best recipes.

Want to step up your gardening game?

Bi-Weekly emails, with only the best recipes.